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Prevalence and Treatment Rates

  • 7.9 million ~ Approximate number of U.S. adults with severe mental illness (3.3% of the population)* 
  • 3.8 million  ~ Approximate number of U.S. adults with untreated severe mental illness in any given year (1.5% of the population)*  
  • 5.3 million  ~ Approximate number of U.S. adults with severe bipolar disorder (2.2% of the population)*   
  • 40%* ~ Percentage of those with severe bipolar untreated in any given year    
  • 2.6 million ~ Approximate number of U.S. adults with schizophrenia (1.1% of the population)*   
  • 51%* ~ Percentage of those with schizophrenia untreated in any given year

Consequences of non-Treatment

  • 216,000 ~ Approximate number of homeless U.S. adults with untreated severe mental illness 
  • 400,000 ~ Approximate number of U.S. adults with untreated mental illness in jails or prisons
  • 13,000 ~ Approximate number of suicides committed each year under the influence of schizophrenic, manic or depressive symptoms
  • 10% ~ Approximate percentage of homicides committed  each year by U.S. adults with severe mental illness (approximately 1,400/year at 2012 homicide rates)
  • 50% ~ Approximate percentage of mass killings committed by individuals with untreated severe mental illness

* National Institute of Mental Health, 2010

 

Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT)

Number of states with assisted outpatient treatment laws: 45

Sample of results:
New York Kendra Law's study showed that for participants in assisted outpatient treatment:

  • 77 percent fewer experienced hospitalizations compared to before participation
  • 74 percent fewer experienced homelessness compared to before participation
  • 83 percent fewer experienced arrests compared to before participation
  • 88 percent fewer experienced incarceration compared to before participation

New York consumer responses to assisted outpatient treatment:

  • 75 percent said helped to gain control over their lives
  • 81 percent said helped them to get well and stay well
  • 90 percent said made them more likely to keep appointments and to take medication
 
 
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