Kansas, like every state, has its own civil commitment laws that establish criteria for determining when court-ordered treatment is appropriate for individuals with severe mental illness who are too ill to seek care voluntarily. The state authorizes both inpatient (hospital) and inpatient (community) treatment, which is known in Kansas as "court-ordered outpatient treatment." Kansas still uses an involuntary treatment standard based primarily on a person’s likelihood of being dangerous instead of using a more progressive “need for treatment” standard as in many states.
For inpatient treatment, a person must meet the following criteria:
- lack capacity to make informed decision concerning treatment and either:
- be a danger to self/others/property or,
- be substantially unable to provide for basic needs, such as food, clothing, shelter, health or safety
For outpatient treatment, a person must meet the following criteria:
- The same standard applies for outpatient treatment except a person must also:
- be likely to comply with outpatient treatment order and,
- not likely be a danger to self/others/community while subject to outpatient treatment order
State standards for emergency hospitalization for evaluation and state-by-state information on initiating emergency hospitalization and assisted inpatient or outpatient treatment can be found from our Civil Commitment Laws and Standards page.
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