(Oct. 31, 2012) In Virginia, the practice of providing outpatient care under court order to individuals who struggle with treatment adherence is known as “mandatory outpatient treatment” (MOT). This is simply another name for what we at the Treatment Advocacy Center call assisted outpatient treatment (AOT).
The maze-like nature of Virginia’s MOT law has long confounded families and caregivers.
Historically, the law offered two potential ways to obtain mandatory outpatient treatment, each with its own set of eligibility criteria. In 2012, Virginia enacted amendments to its MOT law, empowering doctors, community service boards and family members to petition for a person currently hospitalized under an inpatient commitment to receive assisted outpatient treatment upon discharge.
As welcome as this new option is, it did nothing to simplify the law. On the contrary, it added yet another set of eligibility criteria to apply under the new procedure.